Orientalism

xerex from the ramparts
 
Orientalism is a style of art associated with a group of 19th-century artists who were fond of depicting harem girls, sheikhs and Middle-Eastern scenery – whether or not the artist had actually spent time in the Middle East. Delacroix, Ingres and (Henri) Rousseau – to name the three best-known artists – all employed “oriental” touches to various works.  The potency of Orientalist images remained undiminished for many artists into the twentieth century, including Pierre-Auguste RenoirHenri MatissePaul Klee, Vasily Kandinsky, August Macke, and Oskar Kokoschka, all of whom took up Orientalist themes.

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