Classicism

In the mid to late 1800s, there was a fascination amongst Western Europeans with the art and architecture of classical Greece and Rome.  Artists who went to visit the Mediterranean came back brimming with ideas that eventually led to the visual arts movement we now know as Victorian Classicism.  Paintings from this period were highly romantic and drew heavily from historical and mythological themes.  There was a fair amount of overlap between Classicists and the Pre-Raphaelites, with the primary difference being a strict adherence to academic painting rigors in the Classicist movement, while the Pre-Raphaelites specifically rebelled against that.  Lord Frederic Leighton and Lawrence Alma-Tadema were the most visible leaders of the Victorian Classicism movement and considered some of the best painters of their era.

 

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